Effective state practices against disinformation : Four country case studies

Helsinki, The European Centre of Excellence for Countering Hybrid Threats, 2021, 32 p.

https://www.hybridcoe.fi/publicatio...

What can states do against disinformation that actually works ? States and civil societies have been taking many initiatives to counter disinformation in recent years. However, not all of them can be said to be effective. This Hybrid CoE Research Report is focused on the issue of effectiveness, from the perspective of state-actors only, through the means of country case studies from Sweden, Canada, the United Kingdom, and France. Being diverse in terms of power, geopolitical situation, and systems of government, the four selected countries offer a good sample of what liberal democracies can propose to counter disinformation. This Research Report also draws some lessons from these four cases, on what an effective state response to disinformation should involve.

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION 7

THE SWEDISH STANDARD 10

A bottom-up approach 10

An educated and interested population 11

Research, training and exercises 11

A rights-based approach 13

From transparency to deterrence 13

Going international 14

THE CANADIAN PREPAREDNESS 15

Protecting elections : the example of the 2019 federal election 15

Foreign affairs at the centre of a network 17

An open, civil-society-oriented approach 18

THE BRITISH PRODUCTIVITY 19

A formidable network of pockets of expertise 19

The example of countering COVID-related disinformation 20

A rights-based approach 22

THE FRENCH LIGHT FOOTPRINT 23

The 2017 experience 23

The 2018 momentum 24

An inclusive approach, civil society oriented 25

The 2021 turn 26

GENERAL LESSONS 28

AUTHOR